South Asia Research Seminar
Maternal exposure to intimate partner violence and child health in India: Evidence of an association from NFHS-3
Using data from the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3-2005-2006) on currently married women with at least one child and logistic regression models, this study examines the little known association between women’s exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and child health in India. The main exposure was women’s experience of any act of physical, emotional and or sexual violence by an intimate current or former partner versus none. We considered three child health outcome measures namely, height-for age, weight-for-height and weight-for-age. Our results indicate that after adjusting for potential confounders, women’s experience of any violence and or physical violence was strongly and significantly associated with increased odds of stunting and underweight. Emotional and sexual IPV was less strongly associated with stunting and underweight. We did not find any association between any form of IPV and wasting. Our results have public health implications for improving child nutrition in developing countries including India.
Associate Professor Santosh is a Principal Research Fellow at Centre for Social Impact Swinburne, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia. Prior to this, she had worked at Deakin University (Australia), University of Otago, (New Zealand) and National University of Singapore. She also currently holds an honorary senior research fellow position at the University of Otago and a conjoint appointment at Deakin University. She is Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Population Research, the main journal of Population Association of Australia and published by Springer.
She is a demographer and social epidemiologist with particular research interest in the field of gender, migrant health, ageing and health, primary health care, and health inequalities. Santosh holds a PhD in Demography from the Australian National University and a postgraduate diploma in Public Health (DPH) from the University of Otago. Santosh has won many competitive research grants (worth $9.00 million as Principal Investigator (PI) or Co-PI) and published numerous academic articles in international peer reviewed reputed journals such as Social Science and Medicine, International Journal of Epidemiology, Demography, British Medical Journal (Open), Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, PLoS One, Preventive Medicine, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Health Policy, the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, International Sociology and Journal of Sociology. She is also the primary editor of a book entitled Migration and Health in Asia published by Routledge, London and co-editor of Working Women in Metro Cities in India published by Cambridge University Press, New Delhi, India. Santosh has undertaken collaborative research work with academics from the Australia, India, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, UK, and USA. She is the sole PI on a current ARC-Discovery (Australian Research Council-DP) project ‘investigating the dynamics of migration and health in Australia: A Longitudinal Study’. In 2012, she was awarded a prestigious fellowship from the Australian Academy of Science for her project on migration of health professionals from India.