Belt and Road Initiative: Responses from ASEAN Member States

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Barton Theatre

132 Lennox Crossing

Acton, ACT 2601

Australia

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This event is close to capacity. If you would like to register, please contact the NSC at epd.nsc@anu.edu.au.

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This lecture is open to ANU National Security College alumni and students only

Numerous academic attempts to portray China’s ambiguous Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) have been made. For many, the BRI remains a mystery of China’s ambitious global infrastructure project. Many studies attempt to connect internal factors including Chinese history and socio-economic development to China’s wider geo-political ambitions in order to understand underlying motives. This lecture will analyse these ideas, and focus on the geo-political nature of China’s BRI. This lecture posits the BRI as a grand strategy, employing soft power geo-economic strategies. The long-term goals and objectives, dedicated resources and instruments, as well as attractive approaches, all support the characteristics of BRI as a grand strategy. This lecture scrutinises the responses from ASEAN member states in an attempt to assess the extent to which this soft geo-economics strategy has impacted targeted states. Qualitatively, ASEAN responses to BRI appear to be positive, despite some changes in public opinion between optimism and pessimism, and between “admiration and suspicion”. It is important for ASEAN member states and for the world to be cognisant of the effect international responses have towards the development of BRI and future China relations.

Speaker: BG Jonni Mahroza, PhD

Dr. Jonni Mahroza is the Vice Dean of the Faculty of Defense Management at Indonesian Defense University.

He graduated from Indonesian Military Academy in 1989.

For the first ten years of service, he served at the 2nd Battalion of Air Defense of Artillery, in Malang, East Java. During his assignment at this battalion, he also managed to complete his first and second degree. He pursued his first degree in Politics and Public Administration at Indonesian Open University (1992-1995), then conducted his M.A., in International Relations at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK (1995-1996).

In the second ten years, since 2000 he was assigned a couple of staff positions at Artillery Centre (2000-2002, Cimahi), Army Command and Staff College (2006-2009, Bandung), and the Ministry of Defense (2009-2010, Jakarta). From 2002-2006 he was studying his Ph.D. in Asian Studies at the Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide.

In 2010 he served as a Lecturer as well as the Head of Public Relations at Indonesian Defense University (IDU). Then in 2012-2015 he was Indonesian Defense Attaché in London, U.K., also a non-resident Defense Attaché to the Kingdom of Sweden and the Kingdom of Denmark. From 2016 to 2017 he pursued another Master Degree in National Security Strategy at National War College of U.S. N.D.U, Washington D.C. In January 2018 he returned to IDU and served as a lecturer as well as the Secretary of the Study Program for Defense Diplomacy. Then in March 2019 he was appointed as the Vice Dean of the Faculty of Defense Management.

Dr. Jonni Mahroza is married to Diah, and has three daughters, Nindya, Rahma, and Della, who live with him in Jakarta.

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Barton Theatre

132 Lennox Crossing

Acton, ACT 2601

Australia

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